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Loyola Notre Dame Library (LNDL) generally does not own copyright to materials in its Digital Collections. For materials in which the Library is identified as the owner of copyright, permission to use those materials may be granted by the Head of Archives and Special Collections.

Works of the government of the United States and, in general, works published before 1928 are in the public domain (works published in 1928 go into the public domain in 2024, 1929 in 2025, etc.) and permission is not required to make use of these works. For materials that are not in the public domain and in which LNDL does not hold copyright, it is the responsibility of the patron to determine whether a particular use requires permission from the copyright owner. LNDL may not make such determinations for the patron.

LNDL encourages the use of all items in the Loyola Notre Dame Library Digital Collections for fair use purposes such as teaching, research, and private study in accordance with Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law, which specifically authorizes the use of works protected by copyright without permission for “purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, … scholarship or research.” Permission is not necessary for fair uses; LNDL requests, however, that fair uses include an appropriate notice of copyright and attribution. Uses of materials that fall outside the scope of fair use may require the prior permission of the copyright owner who may also require payment of a fee or royalty.

It is solely the patron’s obligation to determine and ensure that use of material fully complies with copyright law and other possible restrictions on use. The holding repository will furnish what information it has, if any, regarding the owner of copyright and restrictions on the use of particular materials.

For more information on copyright, see


Please make sure to cite images used from Loyola Notre Dame Library Digital Collections, including the image title, date, collection name, Loyola Notre Dame Library Archives and Special Collections, and URL. Specific citation format may vary depending on which guidelines you use. Citation guides can be found at

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